Internal examinations: One of the best ways to protect yourself from a gynecologic cancer is to have regular internal examinations by your gynecologist (GYN or OB/GYN).

Pap Test: Cervical cancer is avoidable with regular screenings and follow-up care. The Pap test can detect cell changes that may lead to cancer of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus, or womb. Women age 30 and older can also have the HPV DNA test. This test can check a sample of cervical cells for the presence of the genetic material (DNA) of human papillomaviruses (HPVs).

Oral Contraceptives & Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): In the United States, endometrial cancer is the most common cancer of the female reproductive system. Because more is known now about what can lead to endometrial cancer (using oral contraceptives, HRT, etc.), the number of new cases of endometrial cancer has been decreasing.