bridgeport hospital school of nursing

Bridgeport Hospital School of Nursing's chapter of the National Student Nurses' Association (NSNA) is dedicated to fostering the professional growth of nursing students. NSNA's mission is to mentor nursing students to convey the standards, ethics and skills that students will need to be responsible, accountable leaders and members of the nursing profession. 


All nursing students are initially enrolled in NSNA in their first year of nursing school. Members take part in: 
  • community service (e.g., health fairs, geriatric community center, food donation for homeless, "adopt-a-family" at Thanksgiving and Christmas, walks for MS, diabetes and cancer), 
  • education ("Healthy Student Healthy Nurse"- health promotion & fitness),
  • leadership (e.g., summer leadership camp, CT Nurses' Legislative Day),
  • mentoring  program, and 
  • global initiatives (e.g. fundraising for Nepal Earthquake victims, donating to US troops in Iraq, and sponsoring nursing education for two (2) students in Tanzania). 

Students are also involved with the Connecticut state chapter, CSNA. Several BHSN graduates have presided as Officers at the State and National level. Each spring, along with the support of the BHSN Alumni Association, the organization sends a group of senior nursing students to the NSNA Convention. In the past five years, BHSN's chapter has been acknowledged for Poster Presentations at the convention and one year presented their project, "Breakthrough to Nursing", introducing the career of nursing to students at an inner city high school.

Career/Employment Counseling

Students are asked to meet with their Faculty Advisor at least once each semester. At this time students have the opportunity to seek information from their advisor regarding healthcare careers. Students also have access to EAP counseling if needed (refer to Employee Assistance Program in this section above). At all students’ exit interview whether for graduation or a withdrawal, career counseling is discussed.

Prior to graduation, a Bridgeport Hospital Human Resource (HR) representative is scheduled to speak with the senior students about employment at Bridgeport Hospital and the application and hiring process. Elements of interviewing are discussed along with resume writing. HR offers services to review students’ resume if needed.

Faculty advisors also offer their services in reviewing the students’ resume and offer recommendations.

During the last semester, BHSN provides an Education Fair where area colleges/universities are present to offer counseling related to advancing students’ nursing education. BHSN also pays for all second year students to attend the Connecticut League for Nursing (CLN) Day; this is a mandatory attendance. The focus of CLN Day is for students to explore career options to foster a smooth transition from academic studies to practicing nurse. Students can learn how to effectively position themselves within the field of nursing, identify actions to take in supporting the transition to practice, and identify the skills that they can bring to the workplace.

Job Placement

BHSN does not provide job placement. Entry and acceptance into this program does not guarantee licensure or certification, nor does it guarantee employment. There may also be barriers to employment in the field such as certain criminal convictions, or a positive drug test. It is the student’s responsibility to verify state regulations and institution requirements for employment.

For more information, visit College Navigator

The cost of attendance (COA), which is used for each financial aid applicant, is an estimate of the cost of attending Bridgeport Hospital School of Nursing for one year and will include direct institutional costs as well as indirect costs.  The COA includes tuition, mandatory fees, books and supplies, travel, housing, and personal expenses. The COA will vary depending on class level and living arrangements.  Provisions and parameters for constructing student expense budgets are governed by federal law and limit the elements allowed to be included as part of a student expense budget for purposes of determining eligibility for federal assistance.  However, students may wish to refer to these estimated expenses to assist their budget planning process.  Your actual direct costs should not be confused with your federal financial aid COA.  The only COA items paid directly to BHSN will be tuition and mandatory fees.

Components used for the Cost of Education or Cost of Attendance (COA) budgets for Academic Year 2016-2017:

  Independent Dependent
Tuition/Fees $10540 $10540
Books/Supplies $600 $600
Transportation $1200 $1200
Personal Expenses $500 $500
Room & Board $14316 $6800

Registered Nurse Program

The traditional nursing program is 69 weeks in length over a two-year period with graduation occurring in late spring of the second year. The program is accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing, Inc. (ACEN), formerly NLNAC. BHSN’s nursing program is based on the school’s vision, mission, philosophy, organizing framework, and student learning outcomes. All classes (lectures) are conducted during the day time hours. Clinical experiences may be offered on days or evenings based upon the needs of the program. Students who are enrolled in the partial evening program will attend clinical experiences in the evening for the first year (September – March).

An accelerated track of study is an option available at the end of the first year for those students who wish to graduate one semester early (December). Accelerated students take the fall classes through the summer and the spring classes in the fall. Upon completion of the program, the student receives a diploma in nursing and is eligible to take the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX –RN).

BHSN has entered its last nursing class in fall 2015 and will graduate in May 2017. The last accelerated track started in June 2016 and will graduate in December 2016. The nursing program will close in May 2017.

Allied Health Programs

There are 2 Allied Health Programs: Surgical Technology and Sterile Processing.

Surgical Technology Program

The Surgical Technology Program has entered the last class in September of 2015 and has graduated in June of 2016. BHSN has filed “inactive status” with the ARC/STSA and CAAHEP. Currently, the plan is to transition the 10-month certificate Surgical Technology Program to a 2-year associate degree.

Sterile Processing Technician Program

For academic year 2016-17, the Sterile Processing Technician Program will still be offered.

The Sterile Processing Program provides individuals with education in Sterile Processing using the guidelines established by the Certification Board of Sterile Processing and Distribution. The course is comprised of both clinical and classroom education, for a total of 50 hours over a 3-5 week period consisting of:

20 clinical lab hours
6 classroom lab hours
25 didactic hours
50 hours total

Upon completion of the program, the student receives a Certificate of completion providing eligibility to sit for the Sterile Processing Technician certification examination.

For more information, visit College Navigator


Copyright infringement is the act of exercising, without permission or legal authority, one or more of the exclusive rights granted to the copyright owner under section 106 of the Copyright Act (Title 17 of the United States Code). These rights include the right to reproduce or distribute a copyrighted work. In the file-sharing context, uploading or downloading substantial parts of a copyrighted work without authority constitutes an infringement. Penalties for copyright infringement include civil and criminal penalties (www.copyright.gov).

The Higher Education Opportunity Act (Public Law 110-315) (HEOA) was enacted on August 14, 2008. Sections of the HEOA aim to reduce the illegal distribution of copyrighted works, including the unauthorized uploading and downloading of copyrighted materials through peer-to-peer file sharing on campus networks. Authorized materials/articles used for education may be distributed.

Bridgeport Hospital School of Nursing complies with the Higher Education Opportunity Act (HEOA) and takes copyright infringement seriously. Students shall not use BHSN/BH computers or network to copy, download, modify, or distribute copyrighted materials. This includes but not limited to the following: music, movies, literature, photographs, and software. Photographs are copyrighted including power points. Picture taking is disruptive to the classroom. In addition, any downloading which presents an undue burden on the BHSN and BH campus network is strictly prohibited. Any questions should be directed to BHSN administration / Information Systems Department. BHSN students are commuters and are at BHSN/BH for class and/or clinical. Off-campus alternatives to downloading or peer-to-peer distribution of intellectual property are an individual choice. For BHSN assignments, students can seek BH librarian for assistance as necessary.

All students must abide by federal and state copyright laws when using the BHSN/BH computers or network resources. BHSN sets forth that student users will take individual responsibility for understanding and observing all applicable copyright laws and licensing restrictions. Those students involved in unauthorized peer-to-peer file sharing may be subject to civil and criminal liabilities. For a summary of the civil and criminal penalties for violations of federal copyright laws refer to www.copyright.gov (refer to copyright laws, Appendix H, Title 18 Crime and Criminal Procedures, U.S. Code).

Students in violation of the BHSN/BH Information System policies including HIPAA/Privacy and copyright infringement will be counseled and may be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal from BHSN.

All student “users” of computer and communication resources must abide by BHSN & Bridgeport Hospital’s (and other clinical institutions of clinical experience) policy related to electronic communication including social media. Student “users” have the responsibility to use computer resources in an ethical and lawful manner. Communication resources may include (but are not limited to), school and hospital computers, cell phones, smart phones, personal assistant (PDA), and electronic tablet devices.

Students are prohibited from down loading any personal or patient related documents onto computers in the Learning Resource Center (LRC) or hospital computers.

Users should use care in sending e-mail and other electronic documents as they would for any other written communication. Users are responsible for safeguarding all transactions made under their I.D. and password and should adhere to institutional password standards. Violations of this policy may result in disciplinary action up to and including dismissal from the program and/or legal action.

Students are prohibited from video-recording laboratory and/or classroom demonstrations by faculty. Audio recording is permitted.

Posting classroom, clinical, or laboratory audio and/or visual material content online or participating in online communities is a form of public conversation on the internet and has become a prevalent method of self-expression. Social media may include but is not limited to personal Web logs (blogs), personal websites, online forums or discussion boards, social networking sites, wikis, list servs, chat rooms, and other online communities as well as images, photos, graphics, and videos.

BHSN respects the right of students to use online communications as a form of self-expression during their personal time. If a student chooses to be identified as related to BHSN, Bridgeport Hospital or the Yale New Haven Health System on an internet medium, the student must adhere to Bridgeport Hospital’s policy on Electronic Communication and Social Media Addendum (Intranet/YNHHS- policies/YNHHS-Policies & Procedures/YNHHS-ITS Policies (YNHHS)/HIPAA Policies and Procedures/ITS HIPAA/Privacy and Procedures/Appropriate Use of Electronic Resources, IS-S-01).

Students can access Facebook but not on the clinical units. No student or group of individuals may set up a Facebook or social media site, internet page, account, or any other electronic presence using the BHSN or Bridgeport Hospital name and/or logo. If at any time it is deemed that the student’s social media communication does not adhere to policy and is not consistent with BHSN and Bridgeport Hospital Code of Conduct, the school may request a cessation and deletion of such commentary and the student may be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal from BHSN.

It is the policy of BHSN to provide students with access to various electronic resources that are intended for appropriate and approved educational purposes. Electronic resources used at BHSN are the property of the YNHHS. Students are required to use electronic resources in a professional, lawful and ethical manner, and to prevent the unauthorized use or disclosure of PHI (Patient Health Information) and other sensitive information.

Students also need to comply with Information System (IS) polices of YNHHS such as “Appropriate Use of Electronic Resources” (Intranet/YNHHS- policies/YNHHS-Policies & Procedures/YNHHS-ITS Policies (YNHHS)/HIPAA Policies and Procedures/ITS HIPAA/Privacy and Procedures/Appropriate Use of Electronic Resources, IS-S-01). Electronic resources are items that include but are not limited to: personal computers, E-mail, printers, copiers, voicemail, cell phone apps, and “You Tube”. Students can access BH/YNHHS policies through the intranet website.

BHSN follows information systems and security policies of YNHHS which takes steps to combat unauthorized use of electronic resources. YNHHS reserves the right to limit access to certain web sites without notice. YNHHS reserves the right to monitor and/or audit, at its discretion, the use of electronic resources by means of direct or remote observation to ensure appropriate use.

The following are examples of inappropriate behavior (Since all types of inappropriate conduct cannot be contemplated, this list is not intended to be complete):

  1. Excessive or inappropriate use of electronic resources for non-educational related activities.
  2. Use of electronic resources for unlawful activities.
  3. Disseminating, viewing or storing commercial or personal advertisements, solicitations, promotions, destructive code (e.g., viruses, Trojan horse programs, etc.) or any other unauthorized material.
  4. Use of software without appropriate virus protection or malicious activities that cause disruption or congestion of network systems (including, but not limited to, tickers, weather bugs, etc.).
  5. Sending threatening, prejudicial or sexually harassing messages.
  6. Viewing pornographic materials.
  7. Theft or copying of electronic files without permission.
  8. Revealing sensitive information, such as PHI or employee information, or YNHHS business information to unauthorized people.
  9. Using peer file/music sharing programs, such as Kazaa or Morpheus.
  10. Attaching any unauthorized equipment to the YNHHS network (e.g., employee owned laptops, PDAs, or network peripherals.

Students are expected to follow BHSN/BH information system policies such as electronic resources, electronic communications, and copyright infringement / file sharing. All students are responsible for the activities performed while using their individual user IDs and passwords. Students must access patient records on the unit only on the day of research and on the day of care. Students cannot access patient records as employees for research purposes, only as students. Students are responsible for maintaining confidentiality in accordance with the HIPAA Regulations.

Clinical/Patient Health Information (PHI):

All enrolled students sign an acknowledgement that the student has reviewed a copy of the Administrative Policy titled: “Safeguards for Confidential Information, Protected Health Information and Electronic Protected Health Information” (Intranet/YNHH/policies/YNHHS-Policies and Procedures-Corporate Compliance-HIPAAPrivacyPolicies/Privacy/Safeguards for Confidential Information, Protected Health Information and Electronic Protected Health Information, CC:P-15). This policy provides procedures that are required to be followed by the student as well as all members of the YNHHS Work Force. Acknowledgement of this HIPPA/Privacy along with receipt/review of course syllabus is done in every course throughout the program.

Confidential Information, including PHI and ePHI, is not to be removed from any YNHHS location by members of the Workforce without a signed confidentiality agreement on file and prior approval from the clinical educator. YNHHS materials must be secured when not being used and kept in a location that is not accessible to unauthorized persons. All approved PHI taken off site must be transported in manner that is secure and not visible. Paper copies should be shredded when no longer needed.

Students not compliant with HIPAA/Privacy administrative policies may be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal from BHSN.

The classrooms, lecture halls, and skills laboratories are designed and furnished with contemporary equipment to ensure advanced teaching techniques.

Gladys and Arthur Lunin Learning Resource Center
The student Learning Resource Center (LRC) located in the School of Nursing consists of individual study areas with computers and educational software to augment instruction. The LRC is accessed using the student’s hospital ID badge.

There are additional Individual and group study rooms available to the students within the School of Nursing.

Skills Laboratories
Practice labs at BHSN provide the student the facilities to practice and become proficient in Nursing, Surgical Technology, and Sterile Processing skills. Students are encouraged to utilize the labs.

Simulation Laboratory
SYN:APSE Simulation Center is a resource for the entire Yale New Haven Health System (YNHHS) committed to optimizing healthcare delivery and engendering a culture of patient safety through the development of innovative experiential learning initiatives designed to achieve measurable outcomes. Students of the School of Nursing are privileged to have access to this Simulation Center.

The SYN:APSE family is proud to feature a comprehensive array of high and low-fidelity computerized neonatal, infant, pediatric, and adult patient simulators (mannequins). All our high-fidelity simulators speak, cry, breathe (full complement of breath sounds with variable breathing patterns), and feature a circulatory system (wide array of heart sounds and pulses with variable intensities).

Library
The spacious Reeves Memorial Health Sciences Library is located on the fourth floor of the hospital. The facility is available for required student research and offers the assistance of a qualified librarian Monday through Friday from 8:00 AM to 4:30 PM. Students can obtain access to the library during other hours by using their hospital ID badge. The library has books, journals, and videotapes that can be borrowed. Additionally, electronic resources are available through the hospital-wide Intranet. Training on these resources is available through the library staff at (203) 384-3254.

Clinical Facilities
The School of Nursing's affiliation with Bridgeport Hospital, a 383 licensed bed facility, along with 42 beds under the Yale-New Haven Children’s Hospital provides extensive clinical opportunities for students. In addition, students may receive clinical education within the Yale-New Haven Health System hospitals, as well as at a variety of community facilities that are selected to provide students with a wide range of learning experiences in nursing.

Our Net Price Calculator is intended to provide estimated net price information (defined as estimated cost of attendance — including tuition and required fees, books and supplies, room and board (meals), and other related expenses — minus estimated grant and scholarship aid) to current and prospective students and their families based on what similar students paid in a previous year. 

Proceed to the Net Price Calculator

Refunds are based on the last verifiable date of attendance, BHSN policy, and the Return of Unearned Title IV Funds as required by the U.S. Department of Education.

For those students not participating in Federal Title IV Financial Aid only

A student who completes registration and has paid in full for all prescribed tuition and fees for the semester and who then withdraws or is dismissed from BHSN within the first four weeks of the semester or less is entitled to a proportional refund. Refunds are granted if the student complies with the leave of absence (LOA), withdrawal, or dismissal procedures. The schedule of refunds is as follows:

Withdrawal before classes start     100%
1st week 80%
2nd week 60%
3rd week 40%
4th week 20%
After 4th week 0%

Refunds take approximately 10-14 days to process.

Refunds are based on the last verifiable date of attendance, BHSN policy, and the Return of Unearned Title IV Funds as required by the U.S. Department of Education.  

For students receiving financial aid under any of the Title IV programs which include, Federal Pell Grants, Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants and Direct student loans.

If a student participates in Federal Title IV Financial Aid, BHSN will first calculate the Return of Title IV and then apply the Institution Refund Policy.

Federal guidelines require that any unearned Title IV funds be returned to the Title IV program(s).  Therefore BHSN will calculate the unearned portion of monies received under any of the Title IV programs based on the parameters set forth in section 668.22 (e)(1) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 and as amended.  The calculation is done on the basis of a payment period or a period of enrollment depending on the circumstances at the time of withdrawal/dismissal. Students will be notified of any balance owed to the school as a result of the refund calculations.

If the amount disbursed to the student is greater than the amount the student earned, unearned funds are returned to the appropriate program(s).  If the amount disbursed to the student is less than the amount the student earned, and for which the student is otherwise eligible, he/she is eligible to receive a post-withdrawal disbursement of the earned aid that was not received. 

The return is a proportional calculation based upon the student’s last date of verifiable attendance prior to the request to withdraw.  This date may vary depending on the type of withdrawal.  For students who give written notification of withdrawal or are involuntarily withdrawn from the school, that day will be considered the last day of attendance.  If a student leaves school unannounced, the last date the student attended class or clinical will be considered their last day of attendance for calculation purposes. 

SONISWEB (website)

Student Engagement

Opportunities for involvement in activities that encourage the personal and professional growth of students are available at BHSN. For approved educational activities that are presented to students, those students who would like to attend need to complete a “BHSN Student Educational Activity Rating Form” and submit to Associate Director.

Class Representatives

Each class has student representation. Students are represented on the Student Council Committee. The Faculty Class Advisor assists the nursing class representatives in various activities such as graduation and class yearbook.

Student Council Committee

The Student Council Committee, which meets at least four times a year, provides democratic forum of student functioning. The Student Council is the central governance organization for the student body. It ensures effective student participation in the faculty governance system and is the principle advocate for the interest of the student body as a whole to the BHSN administration and faculty.

Each class has representation on the committee (2 from each nursing class). Membership also includes Faculty Class Advisors, Associate Directors, and School Administrators. The purposes of the meetings are to: provide opportunities for student services, coordinate and facilitate communication between faculty, administration and the student body, and unify the classes into a functioning body.

Professional Organizations

Professional organizations play a vital role in strengthening the nursing profession. BHSN is a chartered member of the National Student Nurses’ Association (NSNA). The Student Nurses’ Association at Bridgeport Hospital School of Nursing has won statewide awards for its community service and NSNA members are encouraged to attend the annual NSNA Convention. All students are encouraged to become members of The NSNA in their first year. As members of NSNA, student nurses in each class will be elected by their peers to serve as the Student Nurses’ Association President, Vice President, Secretary, and Treasurer. The NSNA Faculty Advisor will assist class with the membership process through the School. The NSNA Faculty Advisor will meet with officers to help them carry out their roles. As part of membership benefits, students receive a subscription - Imprint, The Journal for Student Nurses.

Diversity Statistics: Entering Class of Fall 2015


Program
Total
Students
Attendance
Status
Gender Age Race/Ethnicity Residence
NURSING     207 Part-time
207
100%
Male
34
16.4%
Female
173
83.6%
≤ 24
55
26.6%
≥ 25
152
73.4%
Asian
9
4.3%
Black
35
17%
Caucasian
138
66.6%
Hispanic
25
12%
In-State
207
100%
SURGICAL
TECHNOLOGY
 
  20 Full-time
20
100%
Male
5
25%
Female
15
75%
≤ 24
5
25%
≥ 25
15
75%
Asian
1
5%
Black
2
10%
Caucasian
14
70%
Hispanic
3
15%
In-State
20
100%


For more information, visit College Navigator

Health Services

The Industrial Medical Center provides student's initial medical treatment for illness. This service is provided by a licensed Health Care Provider. Continued supervision by the student's primary care provider is encouraged as only minor illnesses are treated through the Hospital's Industrial Medical Center. It is highly recommended for students to have insurance that will cover medical, emergency and hospital care. Bridgeport Hospital School of Nursing is not responsible for the cost of emergency care, hospital care, specialized diagnostic procedures and/or treatments provided for a student.

Student / Employee and Family Resources Program

Bridgeport Hospital's Employee and Family Resources Program provides information, treatment and referral services for personal or family issues. The treatment program is administered by the hospital’s Employee Assistance and Work Life Program. They can be reached by calling 1-877-275-6226.

Academic Advisement

Academic Advisement is available from the faculty to students throughout their enrollment. Students are encouraged to seek advisement for academic and/or personal concerns.

Childcare, Meals, Transportation and Parking

Childcare services are offered to students of BHSN through Childport, a day care facility owned and operated by Bridgeport Hospital. Childport is located one block from the School of Nursing at 368 Ridgefield Avenue, Bridgeport, CT. Childport provides Monday through Friday care to children between the ages of 3 months and 5 years. For information on available openings or to arrange a tour, call the Childport Program Manager at 203-336-2258.

Students with their ID badge can purchase meals at a discount in the Hospital Fresh Inspirations or Jazzman’s. Snacks and refreshments from vending machines are available in Elizabeth Oliver Hall and lobby of Fresh Inspirations.

Students are responsible for providing their own transportation to classes or clinical assignments and for parking fees outside of Bridgeport Hospital. Student parking is available on a fee basis at Bridgeport Hospital’s parking garage. Discounted parking vouchers are available through the Security Department (384-3457). Students are not allowed to park in the school’s Elizabeth Oliver Hall parking lot (violators will be towed). BHSN does not provide housing. Lounge areas are available to students.

BHSN’s follows the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Amendments and will provide reasonable accommodations to students who disclose and provide documentation of a disability. The School is under no obligation to provide accommodations unless the student has disclosed the nature of the disability in writing and has made a written request for special accommodations to the Admission Specialist or Associate Director. Students with a hidden or visible disability that may require classroom, clinical, or test-taking modifications must provide the following requirements:

  • The completed and signed BHSN Disability form (available from Admissions Assistant/Department Secretary)
  • The evaluation for a disability must be performed by a qualified health care provider  and conducted no more than 2 years prior to the request for accommodations 
  • A comprehensive written report of the testing and evaluation (e.g. Psychoeducational, Neuropsychological, Psychological disability evaluations) performed by the qualified health care provider including, but not limited to:

    • Description of the disability including specific diagnosis
    • Severity of disability
    • Explanation of the need for accommodation(s)
    • Specific recommended accommodation(s)

Problems such as test anxiety, English as a second language (in and of itself), slow reading without an identified underlying cognitive deficit or failure to achieve a desired outcome on a test are not learning disabilities and are not covered under the Americans Disabilities Act.

Disclosure of a documented disability will enable BHSN to consider a plan for the provision of reasonable accommodations; BHSN is under no obligation to provide accommodations beyond BHSN resources.  

In-coming students need to submit the BHSN disability form with required documentation (see above) no later than one month prior to the first day of class.   If a disability arises after starting a course or during a re-entry to a Program, the student should notify the appropriate Associate Director, and must meet the above requirements.

Students have access to the Employee and Family Resources Program (formerly EAP), a benefit to Bridgeport Hospital employees, for counseling according to the Bridgeport Hospital HR policy. Refer to STUDENT SERVICES section of the Handbook for description and contact information.

Acceptance and placement of transfer students will be evaluated on an individual basis. In addition to meeting the established admission criteria, space availability in the program is also considered. The student’s former school curriculum will be evaluated and compared to BHSN’s curriculum to determine possible placement in the program. Non-nursing credits for required pre and co-requisite courses may be transferred into the program providing the grade is a “C” or higher. These grades may be transferred as earned credits and added to the QPA during the semester in which the course was required. Transferred non-nursing courses can be taken at any accredited college (catalog reflects course numbers at Housatonic Community College based on the school’s affiliation) however, a course transferred from another college will be evaluated for equivalency to BHSN requirements. The student may be asked to submit a course description and/or syllabus to evaluate equivalency of course content and objectives. The Admissions Chairperson will present the course in question to the Admissions Committee for a final vote. All transcripts submitted from other colleges must be official and imprinted with the college seal.

BHSN makes a good faith effort to distribute voter registration forms.  These forms are ordered from the State 120 days prior to the deadline for registering to vote within Connecticut.  The requirement is applied to the elections for federal office as well as the election for governor.