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Obstetrics & Gynecology

Welcome to the Bridgeport Hospital Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Training Program. Our OB Gyn residency is an ACGME-accredited training program in Bridgeport, Connecticut. 

Our program has been training exceptional generalists since 1946 and continues to ensure our graduates are confident to practice independently, and also able to pursue successful academic careers in a fellowship track if that is their professional goal.  

As your Program Director, it is my responsibility and my pleasure to provide a quality educational experience and enable you to develop into a highly skilled physician, providing compassionate care to women through all stages of their lives.

It is our pleasure to provide you with valuable information about our curriculum, call schedule, faculty, residents and other common areas of interest.

The following statements represent the essential core of our focus during a resident’s training at Bridgeport Hospital:

  • To provide an evidence-based, education-focused residency training to all residents
  • To provide high-quality and compassionate patient care to all
  • To promote excellence in all ACGME competencies
  • To enable all residents to achieve their personal and professional goals

Bridgeport Hospital Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Training Program participates fully in the National Residency Match Program currently with four positions available per year. We are seeking applicants with a strong commitment to patient care. Our program is highly selective. In addition to a strong academic record, we require our residents to have an evidence-based approach to clinical care, demonstrate a collaborative communication style, and show ownership in their work responsibilities. As we are a Yale-affiliated training program, it is expected that our residents will have an enthusiasm for teaching at all levels. 

We offer quality obstetric training with exposure to full-time, on-site Maternal Fetal Medicine faculty. As a resident, you will also have access to a thorough and diverse surgical experience with procedure volumes well above national averages. In addition to the full range of general and subspecialty gynecologic surgeries, residents will be exposed to the newest minimally-invasive surgical techniques and gain extensive robotic surgery experience. Finally, there is a strong emphasis on outpatient experience in our Bridgeport Hospital Clinic.

Our residents will leave us fully trained as competent generalists in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Many have chosen to pursue highly successful careers in private practice. A sizeable number of our graduates have obtained additional training in a variety of subspecialties including Maternal Fetal Medicine, Female Pelvic Medicine and Reproductive Surgery, Gynecologic Oncology and Family Planning.
We hope you will find the information provided here useful and that you will strongly consider applying to our program for your training. Should you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.

- Jean Tornatore, MD
Program Director

Summary of Experiences and Rotations

As an ACGME program, we try to incorporate the concepts of the milestones into the design of the experiences for the years and into evaluations and expectations.  The milestones that are used to assess where a resident is in his/her training spectrum, generally fall into the following sequence: 

  1. Has knowledge about the normal or routine topic
  2. Is able to manage and care for the normal or routine, and begins to be able to evaluate the abnormal or complicated 
  3. Can manage the abnormal or complicated, and can begin to evaluate the unusual or complex
  4. Can manage the unusual or complex, as well as teach and oversee the normal and routine. 

Our rotations try to mimic this progression. PGY-1 spend the majority of their time in rotations where they can develop strong initial assessment skills, and become confident in management of routine conditions. PGY-2 spend more time in rotations where they are managing more complex services and complicated patients. PGY-3 residents spend time honing their personal skills on complex patients and begin to become competent in supervision of other residents. Our PGY-4s spend time on their services, learning how to manage and run a multilevel team and a complex service of patients. 

Bridgeport Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Training program has a robust didactic curriculum provided to the residents. 

Resident didactic sessions are fully protected time, with coverage of clinical duties by faculty, private physicians and midlevel providers. The curriculum for the resident didactics follows a 2-year cycle of topics tied to ACGME competencies and the core CREOG Educational Objectives. The material is presented in a variety of ways, including chapter reviews, Grand Rounds, practical workshops, hands-on simulation, Tumor Board, specialty-specific conferences, GME office resident education series, OSCEs, Morbidity and Mortality Conferences and journal clubs.

Residents on vacation, away electives and night float are not expected to attend.

In addition to our hospital-based rotations, we encourage and support our residents who want to explore experiences outside of our hospital. It is important to be exposed to alternate experiences when trying to decide what to do after residency. We do not have any set opportunities that are organized and structured through the department, but we are able to help guide a resident through the process if they are interested in setting up an outside elective.

The Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Training Program utilizes a night float rotation for the majority of nighttime clinical coverage. Residents spend a total of approximately eight weeks on night float each of the four years of training. Each rotation consists of an upper and a lower level resident. The night shift team works 14-hour shifts for five days from Sunday night through Friday morning. There is full-time, in-house faculty supervision of the residents while on night float as well as dedicated obstetrical anesthesia. The remaining nights and weekends are broken into a Friday night/Sunday day shift and a 24-hour Saturday shift. On average, a resident will have two weekend shifts per month.

Although moonlighting is permitted, there are strict regulations that the work remains within the work hour regulations. It is unusual that a resident is able to make this work. 


Procedure volumes 
Residents in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Bridgeport Hospital have access to a robust volume and variety of procedures. Each year the ACGME tracks certain resident procedure volumes and publishes the national trends and percentiles. Below is where Bridgeport Hospital lies with respect to national statistics with our 2019 graduating class.

Ultrasound – 87th percentile
Vaginal deliveries – 36th percentile
Cesarean sections – 58th percentile
Operative vaginal deliveries – 51st percentile

Transvaginal ultrasound – 85th percentile
Dilatation and curettage – 85th percentile
Operative hysteroscopy – 91st percentile
Operative laparoscopy – 55th percentile

Total abdominal hysterectomy – 47th percentile
Total vaginal hysterectomy – 50th percentile
Laparoscopic hysterectomy – 44th percentile
Minimally invasive hysterectomy – 41st percentile 
Surgery for invasive cancer – 6th percentile
Total hysterectomy numbers – 40th percentile
Total robotic procedures – 33rd percentile

Incontinence and pelvic floor surgery – 27th percentile
Cystoscopy – 73rd percentile


Jean Tornatore, MD, FACOG
Dr. Tornatore has been the program’s director since the fall of 2015. After graduating from Rutgers University with a degree in biology, she attended Georgetown University for medical training. After medical school, she matched into the Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency at The New York Hospital – Cornell Campus for specialty training. During her final year, Dr. Tornatore served as the administrative chief resident. After completing residency, she joined the faculty at Bronx Lebanon Hospital with the National Health Service Corps program. In 2006 she joined the faculty for the residency program at Oakwood Hospital in Dearborn, Michigan, where she served as the medical director of Labor and Delivery, associate program director and physician champion for the healthcare system’s transition to Epic. 

She moved to Connecticut and began working at Bridgeport Hospital where she serves as program director for the Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Training Program and as the medical director of Labor and Delivery.

Julie Lauren Laifer, MD, FACOG
Dr. Laifer completed her undergraduate degree at Cornell University before moving to California to study International Maternal and Child Health at UCLA School of Public Health. She completed her medical school training at the University of Vermont and Ob-Gyn residency at Magee Women’s Hospital in Pittsburgh.

Since completing residency she spent time in private practice, various clinics and international medical missions before joining the Bridgeport Hospital residency training program in 2017. Dr. Laifer serves as the chief of the Family Planning Section.

Robert O’ Sullivan, MD, FACOG
Dr. O’Sullivan attended medical school in his native Cork, Ireland. After graduation, he completed an internship basic specialty training before obtaining membership in the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland. During this time he obtained a diploma in medical education from the University of Edinburgh.

Dr. O’Sullivan began residency at Bridgeport Hospital in 2013. Following graduation in 2017 he remained in the department as a generalist. 

Crina M Boeras MD, FACOG 
Dr. Boeras completed a Bachelor of Science in Biology, summa cum laude, from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in 2005 before attending Yale School of Medicine, graduating in 2010. Dr. Boeras returned to the University of Massachusetts for Ob-Gyn residency. Following residency Dr. Boeras joined the Bridgeport Hospital faculty in 2014.

Shabnam Kashani MD
Dr. Kashani is a fellowship-trained, minimally invasive gynecologic surgeon whose primary clinical focus is advanced laparoscopic and hysteroscopic surgery. She completed her obstetrics and gynecology residency at Bridgeport Hospital and her fellowship in minimally invasive gynecologic and robotic surgery with Yale Gynecologic Oncology group. She is the author of multiple articles and abstracts concerning minimally invasive gynecological surgery. Dr. Kashani is an accomplished speaker who has presented at many local, regional, national and international symposiums.

She serves as director of Ambulatory Care and associate program director of the MIGS Fellowship at Bridgeport Hospital. 

Harold Sauer MD, FACOG
Dr. Sauer earned his undergraduate degree at the University of Michigan before completing medical school at Wayne State University in Detroit. His residency in obstetrics and gynecology was completed at William Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan, where he stayed to complete his fellowship in reproductive endocrinology and infertility. He then served as a tenured faculty member at the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine for 22 years.

During his time at Michigan State University, he served as section chair for the Michigan Section of ACOG and as chair of the Michigan Board of Medicine. Subsequently he has served as a director on the boards of the Federation of State Medical Boards and the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education. He has served as an oral board examiner for the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology  for over 20 years.

Dr. Sauer became chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Bridgeport Hospital in 2007. He has led the department through significant expansion, the establishment of the urogynecology service and increased patient volumes in the Gynecologic Oncology and Maternal-Fetal Medicine sections

Richard Wintermute, MD, FACOG
Dr. Wintermute earned his undergraduate degree from Coe College in Iowa. He then went to medical school at the University of New Mexico.

Lynn-Marie Wright, C-TAGME
Residency Program Coordinator
Wright has over 14 years of experience as a Residency/Fellowship Coordinator. 

Current Residents

Aysegul Gizem Imamoglu, MD, Acibadem Universitesi Tip Fakultesi, Turkey
Erin Leigh Morhardt, MD, Frank H. Netter, MD School of Medicine at Quinnipiac University
Jillian McKenzi Pesce, MD, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Elizabeth Rodier, MD, University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Koraima Cedeno, MD, Universidad Iberoamericana (UNIBE) School of Medicine Santo Domingo,
     Dominican Republic
Graham Dersnah, MD, American University of Caribbean School of Medicine, Sint Maarten
Arlene Gutman, MD, University College Cork School of Medicine, Ireland
Kayla Smith, MD,Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC

Maddie Carmain, MD, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Va.
Amani Alshekh Kouder, MD, University of Damascus Faculty of Medicine, Syrian Arab Republic
Joanna Kukla, MD, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Mich.
Lauren Roth, MD, University of Queensland School of Medicine, Australia

Marisa Beals, MD, F. H. Netter M.D. School of Medicine at Quinnipiac University, Ct. 
Metehan Imamoglu, MD, Hacettepe University Tip Fakultesi, Turkey
Omar Sobh, MD, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington DC 
Laura Tafuri, MD, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, St Kitts, NY

Recent Residents

Rodrigo Fernandez Diaz, MD, Universidad Central de Venezuela Luis Razetti School of Medicine, Venezuela
Jane Morrison, MD, Saba University School of Medicine, Saba, Dutch Caribbean
Wafa Khadraoui, MD, American University of the Caribbean, Saint Maarten
Mio Sawai, MD, Kansai Medical School Osaka, Japan
Janice Soto-Morales, MD, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, Puerto Rico

Dr. Ainsley McFadgen, private practice, part of University of Pittsburgh Medical Center health system, Chatauqua, New York 
Dr. Andres Reig, REI Fellowship, IVIRMA, New Jersey 
Dr. Erika Schaeffer, private practice, Milford, Connecticut

Dr. Ashley Bellamy, private practice, Bridgeport, Connecticut 
Dr. Joel Messom, private practice, Johnstown, Pennsylvania 
Dr. Saki Onda, private practice, Honolulu, Hawaii
Dr Ashley St Germain, private practice, Samaritan Health Services, Oregon

Dr. Meryl Davis, private practice, Greensboro, North Carolina 
Dr Christopher Hicks, private practice, Sarasota, Florida
Dr Craig Sauer, private practice, New Haven, Connecticut

Dr. Mitchell Clark, private practice, New Haven, Connecticut
Dr. Eamon Felton, private practice, Nashville, Tennessee
Dr. Robert O'Sullivan, faculty, Bridgeport Hospital
Dr. Michelle Stoltzman, private practice, Sarasota, Florida 

Dr. Lily Bayat, private practice, New York
Dr. Perry Friedma, private practice, Royal Oak, Michigan
Dr. Tiffany Zigras, private practice, Ontario, Canada

Dr. Joan Alvarez, private practice, Miami, Florida
Dr. Emily Baltes, private practice, Fort Wayne, Indiana
Dr. Maia Sharuk, laborist, Boston, MA

Dr. Dallas Reed, faculty, Tufts University, Boston, MA.
Dr. Marneece Williams, private practice, Phoenix, Arizona
Dr. Nwamaka Ugokwe, private practice, Brooklyn, New York

Scholarly Activities

Research is an important part of the residency program and there is support and resources available to every resident who wishes to conduct a project. With a diverse clinic population and a wide range of clinical practice there are ample opportunities to conduct clinical research and to present results at local, regional and national meetings. Laboratory based research is also available through local resources. 

In recent years many residents have presented and/or published their projects, with several winning prizes and awards. To review a sample of publications in the section please visit the Bridgeport Hospital Medical Library.